"Then you need flowers, aromatic plants, the ones that grow on our hillsides in Italy. And you need to know which flowers, and in what proportions. Then set it all to macerate in a covered tub for an entire moon cycle, remove and replace them and add the bergamot and rosemary, but only when the moon begins to wane. There, that's the secret."
These are the words with which Gian Paolo Feminis, from the Piedmont, described his invention in the late 1600s: eau de Cologne, the scented creation known around the world.
When we talk about scents in the cosmetics sector, the first thing that comes to mind is the rose. This flower is essential when creating scented essences. But with rose alone, none of the successful essences would have had a future. This is where citrus fragrances like tangerine, orange blossom, and bergamot come into play. Each scent is considered a work of art that, like a painting or a novel, contains its own story - a story that must be told before it can be understood.
Harmony and inspiration give every perfume its individual wealth of scent and make it recognizable over time through fragrances in perfect balance with each other.
Every perfume has three different notes:
- top notes (or head notes): light and volatile, like lavender, rosemary, bergamot, neroli, lemon, and orange;
- middle notes (or heart notes): intense and lasting, like jasmine, rose, and geranium;
- base notes: deep and lingering, like vetiver, sandalwood, cedar wood, citron, and musk.
To create a perfect scent, there must be an impeccable balance among all three notes, that when blended together can call up different emotions. Every olfactory project that gives life to a scent calls for citrus essential oils, which were already known and used in by the ancient Egyptians 5,000 years ago. In 1792 Acqua di Colonia Originale 4711 was created, based on the recipe for eau de Cologne. This essence managed to keep its composition secret for nearly two centuries.
This scent was created with the goal of preserving the purity and virtues of its ingredients, and citrus comes through in all three notes (top, middle, and base) with bergamot, lemon, and neroli, the true stars of an incredibly prestigious scent.
So, citrus fruits are not only stars at the table, they've joined the most elegant of the aristocracy with their precious essential oils. There are essential oils in the rind of all citrus. Using special techniques, citrus essential oils are extracted from the fruit and are transformed into the basic blend for valuable and refined perfumes.
Essential oils contain the whole scent of the citrus, whether it's a beverage, a recipe, or an eau de Cologne, the citrussy smells reach the mind, and bring together all the senses in an enormous feeling of happiness and well-being.